The methodological program of neurophenomenology arose as an approach to understanding the relationship between neurophysiological activity and conscious experience. Since its inception, a growing research community has further cultivated this method with a focus on developing a rigorous and pragmatic science of consciousness. By drawing from the limitations and successes of existing neurophenomenological studies and a recent case study, I propose an innovative and replicable framework that utilizes the first-person methods of experienced contemplatives, grounded theory methodology, and real-time neurofeedback technologies to establish precise temporal constraints between the production and analysis of phenomena at the first-, second-, and third-person positions. Concrete examples for its application in developing an integrated science of mind and experience are presented. While this approach provides an invaluable tool for understanding consciousness, I conclude that at its current stage of development, the most fruitful application for neurophenomenology is in improving our understanding of mental illness and fostering the development of novel psychiatric treatments.

Juan Santoyo

Universidad de Antioquia; Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Grantee, Planning Committee Member, Reviewer

Juan is an early-career researcher from Colombia who works in neuroscience and contemplative research. His training has involved studying the neurophysiological dynamics underlying meditation training and sensory perception in humans, … MORE