Mind and Life Dialogue Participants

A-E | F-J | K-O | P-S | T-Z

P.N. Tandon, Ph.D.

Born on August 13, 1928 at Shimla, Prof. Tandon received his medical education at K.G. Medical College (now University), Lucknow. Standing first in the University in the MBBS examination (1950), he was awarded the prestigious Hewitt Gold Medal and five other Gold Medals along with a number of prizes. Obtaining the M.S. Degree in 1952 (Lucknow University), he was awarded FRCS England in 1956. He then received speciality training in Neurosurgery and allied Neurosciences at the Ulleval Hospital, Oslo University, Norway (1957-58) and the Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Canada (1959-60). In 1965, he was appointed Professor and founded the Department of Neurosurgery at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. Under his leadership, this department grew to be the country’s premier Neurosciences Centre. He catalysed the establishment of the National Brain Research Centre (NBRC) at Manesar under the aegis of Department of Biotechnology, GOI, and has been the founder President of NBRC. Prof. Tandon’s major research efforts deal primarily with neurological disorders of the nervous system of national relevance, these included developmental defects, head injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and experimental foetal neural transplant. These have resulted in 250 scientific papers, over a dozen monographs and a number of chapters in national and international text books. He trained more than fifty neurosurgeons, several of whom initiated and/or headed the departments of Neurosurgery in all corners of the country. Prof. Tandon was the President of Neurology Society of India, National Academy of Sciences, India, Indian National Science Academy, Indian Academy of Neurosciences. He has served as a member of the Governing Body of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) and nominated Member of the University Grants Commission. He has won numerous awards including the Padma Sri (1973); Hon. Surgeon to the President of India (1977-80); Prof. Bachhawat Lifetime Achievement Award; Indian Academy of Neuroscience: 2003, NASI President’s Gold Medal (2006), Padma Vibhusan (2006).

Charles Taylor, Ph.D.

Charles Taylor received his Ph.D. in Philosophy from Oxford in 1961. Since then he has been an Assistant/Associate/Full Professor at McGill University, with various additional appointments such as Ecole Normale Superieur (Paris), Princeton, Oxford, and U.C. Berkeley. Author of several well-known books such as The Explanation of Behaviour (Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1964), Hegel (Cambridge, 1975), and Sources of the Self (Harvard, 1989). He is also a frequent contributor to several professional philosophical journals.

John D. TeasdaleJohn D. Teasdale, Ph.D.

John Teasdale received his first degree in psychology from the University of Cambridge. Subsequently, he studied for his Ph.D. in abnormal psychology, and trained as a clinical psychologist, at the Institute of Psychiatry, University of London, where he then taught for a number of years. After working as a National Health Service clinical psychologist in the University Hospital of Wales, he began a thirty year period of full-time research, supported by the Medical Research Council, first in the Department of Psychiatry, Univeristy of Oxford, subsequently in the MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge. The continuing focus of this research has been the investigation of basic psychological processes and the application of that understanding to the relief of emotional disorders.Initially this involved the development and evaluation of behavioral therapies for anxiety disorders, subsequently the exploration of cognitive approaches to understanding and treating major depression, and, most recently, the development of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, a program that is effective in substantially reducing future risk of major depression through an integration of mindfulness training and cognitive approaches. Dr.Teasdale has published more than a hundred scientific papers and chapters, and co-authored three books. He has received a Distinguished Scientist Award from the American Psychological Association, and has been elected Fellow of both the British Academy and the Academy of Medical Sciences. He is currently retired, pursuing personal interests in meditation and mindfulness training.

Shirley Telles, M.B.B.S., M.Phil., Ph.D.

Shirley Telles completed M.B.B.S. from Goa Medical College (Goa) and subsequently M.Phil. in Neurophysiology and Ph.D. in Neurophysiology from the National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences [NIMHANS], Bangalore, India. She is the Director of research at Patanjali Yogpeeth, Haridwar, India and Head of the Indian Council of Medical Research Center for Advanced Research in Yoga and Neurophysiology at Bangalore. She has 104 research publications related to yoga research in journals indexed in international bibliographic databases [e.g., Medline], 12 chapters in books and 3 published books. She received an award from The Indian Council of Medical Research (for excellence in biomedical research), from the John Templeton Foundation (www.templeton.org), U.S.A. (January, 2002), for an essay on ‘Creative research ideas in neurobiology’ and a Fulbright Fellowship (J. William Fulbright Foundation, U.S.A) to study “Functional magnetic resonance imaging in meditators” at the Dept. of Radiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL., U.S.A.

Geshe Lobsang TenzinGeshe Lobsang Tenzin, Ph.D.

Geshe Lobsang Tenzin was born in Kinnaur, a small Himalayan region adjoining Tibet. At age 14 he joined the Institute of Buddhist Dialectics in Dharamsala and continued his training at Drepung Loseling Monastery in south India, where he was awarded the degree of Geshe Lharampa, the highest degree of learning in the Tibetan Buddhist educational system. In 1991 he came to Atlanta to serve as Spiritual Director of Drepung Loseling Monastery, Inc., the North American seat of Drepung Loseling Monastery, and to pursue doctoral work at Emory University’s Institute of Liberal Arts. He received his Ph.D. from Emory in 1999 with a dissertation that focused on traditional Buddhist and contemporary Western approaches to emotions and their impact on wellness. In addition to continuing to serve as Spiritual Director for Drepung Loseling Monastery, Inc., he now teaches as a Senior Lecturer at Emory, where he also directs the Emory-Tibet Partnership and co-directs the Emory Tibet Science Initiative alongside Dean Preetha Ram. He serves as Principal Contemplative Investigator for Emory’s on-going research study the benefits of compassion meditation for reducing depression. Emory-Tibet Partnership: www.tibet.emory.edu Drepung Loseling Institute: www.drepung.org

Evan ThompsonEvan Thompson, Ph.D.

Evan Thompson, Ph.D., is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Toronto. He received his A.B. in Asian Studies from Amherst College and his Ph.D. from the University of Toronto. He is the author of Waking, Dreaming, Being: New Light on the Self and Consciousness from Neuroscience, Meditation, and Philosophy (Columbia University Press, forthcoming in 2013) and Mind in Life: Biology, Phenomenology, and the Sciences of Mind (Harvard University Press, 2007). He is also the co-author of The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience (MIT Press, 1991), and co-editor of The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness (Cambridge University Press, 2007) and of Self, No Self? Perspectives from Analytical, Phenomenological, and Indian Traditions (Oxford University Press, 2010). Thompson is also Co-Chair of the Mind and Life Institute Program and Research Council.

Anne TreismanAnne Treisman, D.Phil.

Anne Treisman is the James S. McDonnell Distinguished University Professor at Princeton University. She has two BA degrees from Cambridge, England, in Modern Languages and in Natural Sciences, Psychology, and a D.Phil. degree in Psychology from Oxford. Her main area of research has been on selective attention, starting with studies of selective listening, (“the cocktail party problem” or how we can focus on one voice among two or more), and then turning to visual attention and object perception, particularly the “binding.problem”. Other interests have been in the integration of information in the perception of moving objects; perceptual learning; visual memory for objects and events; and in the brain mechanisms underlying these perceptual, attentional and memory functions. She has been elected to the Royal Society, London, the National Academy, USA, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Society of Experimental Psychologists, and has received the following awards: Killam Senior Fellowship, James McKeen Cattell Sabbatical Award; Howard Crosby Warren Medal of the Society of Experimental Psychologists; Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award of the American Psychological Association; Fellow of American Psychological Society; Golden Brain award of the Minerva Foundation (for “fundamental breakthroughs that extend our knowledge of vision and the brain”). Recent publications include: Treisman, A. & DeSchepper, B. 1996. “Object Tokens, Attention, and Visual Memory”. In T. Inui and J. McClelland (Eds.) Attention and Performance XVI, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 15-46. And Treisman, A. 1998. “Feature Binding, Attention and Object Perception”, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Series B, 353, 1295-1306.

Jeanne L. TsaiJeanne L. Tsai, Ph.D.

Jeanne L. Tsai is on the faculty in the department of psychology at the University of Minnesota. She received her B.A. from Stanford University and her M.A. and Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the University of California at Berkeley. Her research has focused on the interplay between culture and emotion, exploring the impact of socialization on emotional experience, expression, and physiology. She has brought a diverse range of methods to bear in, for example, comparing differences in the physiology and experience of emotion between Chinese people and ethnic groups in America. Her articles have appeared in numerous scholarly journals and books, including The Encyclopedia of Human Emotion, and The Comprehensive Handbook of Psychopathology.

Tu Weiming, Ph.D.

Tu Weiming was born in Kunming, China, and educated in Taiwan and North America. He joined Harvard University as Professor of Chinese History and Philosophy in 1981 and is the director of the Harvard-Yenching Institute. He has lectured at Peking University, Taiwan University, Chinese University in Hong Kong, and the University of Paris. His books include Neo-Confucian Thought: Wang Yang-ming’s Youth; Centrality and Commonality, Humanity and Cultivation; and Confucian Thought: Selfhood as Creative Transformation. A member of the Committee on the Study of Religion at Harvard, the chair of the Academic Sinica’s advisory committee on the Institute of Chinese Literature and Philosophy and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Professor Tu Weiming is currently interpreting Confucian ethics as a spiritual resource for the emerging global community.

Francisco J. VarelaFrancisco J. Varela, Ph.D. (1946-2001)

Francisco J. Varela received his Ph.D. in Biology from Harvard in 1970. His interests centered on the biological mechanisms of cognition and consciousness, and he contributed over 200 articles to scientific journals on these matters. He also wrote or edited fifteen books, many of them translated into several languages, including The Embodied Mind (MIT Press, 1992) and most recently Naturalizing Phenomenology: Contemporary Issues in Phenomenology and Cognitive Science (Stanford University Press, 1999) and The View from Within: First-Person Methods in the Study of Consciousness (Imprint Academic, London, 1999). The recipient of several awards for his research, he was Foundation de France Professor of Cognitive Science and Epistemology at Ecole Polytechnique, Director of Research at the Centre Nationale de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in Paris, and Head of the Neurodynamics Unit at LENA (Laboratory of Cognitive Neurosciences and Brain Imaging) at the Salpetrière Hospital, Paris. He was the founding scientist of the Mind and Life series, and published several articles and books on the dialogues between science and religion, including Gentle Bridges (Shambhala, 1991) and Sleeping, Dreaming and Dying (Wisdom, 1997) covering the first and fourth of the Mind and Life dialogues. Dr. Varela passed away on May 28, 2001.

Dr. Kapila Vatsyayan

Formerly: Secretary, Department of Arts, Ministry of HRD, Academic Director, Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts; President, India International Centre and Member, UNESCO Executive Board. Presently Member of Parliament (Rajya Sabha) and Chairperson, IIC-Asia Project, India International Centre. The range of Dr. Kapila Vatsyayan’s interests and accomplishments is astonishingly wide. Scholar, author, linguist, dancer, ethnographer, educationist, art historian and cultural policy maker, she has been responsible for the establishment of many educational and cultural institutions in the country. She has been associated with the establishment and development of many libraries, museums and archival repositories, among which mention might be made of the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, the Institute of Tibetan Studies at Sarnath and the Centre for Cultural Resources and Training. The work she did as Academic Director of the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA) in collecting and consolidating our cultural resources and in organising international seminars on the basic concepts of Indian philosophy has elicited wide recognition. Author of over 15 books and many research papers. Her seminal work is on Gita Govinda and the Indian artistic traditions. Amongst her publications, Classical Indian Dance in Literature and the Arts; the Square and the Circle of the Indian Arts and Bharata: The Natyasastra are internationally acknowledged as pioneering path breaking works of critical scholarship. Editor of many volumes on primary texts Dr. Vatsyayan initiated a very serious and sustained dialogue between and amongst different disciplines, specially of science, philosophy and the arts. In the seminars and exhibitions on Space, Time and Primal Elements, the most distinguished scientists and philosophers participated, including His Holiness the Dalai Lama. Widely travelled in India and abroad, she has received several recognition/honours, nationally and internationally. Recipient of Sankaradeva Award for National Integration,, the Rajiv Gandhi Sadbhavana Award 2000 and the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Sahitya Kala Parishad of the Government of NCT of Delhi.

Arthur Vayloyan Ph.D., M.B.A.

Dr. Arthur Vayloyan is a member of the Private Banking Management Committee of Credit Suisse and Head of Investment Services and Products. He has the responsibility for integrating and delivering Credit Suisse’s range of innovative products and services – including investment research and sales support – to the Private Banking units around the globe. His responsibilities also include the Center of Competence for Ultra High Net Worth Clients, External Asset Managers and Trust and Life Insurance solutions. In addition to his functional responsibilities, Arthur Vayloyan serves in various committees and boards, both within and outside Credit Suisse. Dr. Vayloyan joined Credit Suisse in 1992, led the Representative Office in Uruguay until 1996, and subsequently, the Latin America/Iberia desk, which also included the offshore businesses from North America. From 2002 until the end of 2005, he was the Head of Private Banking Switzerland, covering the Swiss, as well as most offshore markets. An avid speaker and author, Arthur Vayloyan’s engagements include discourses on issues and topics ranging from Nanotechnology to Innovation, Globalization and Microfinance. He was an invited speaker at the United Nations in New York during the Year of Microcredit, 2005. Some of the innovations that he led in private banking received commendations from global media, including the Euromoney, Die Welt (Germany) and Bilanz (Switzerland) magazines. Arthur Vayloyan is a Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry, with special emphasis on Nanotechnology, from the University of Bern (Switzerland) and received his MBA from INSEAD (France) in 1995. Arthur lives near Zurich, Switzerland with his wife and a son.

Alan WallaceB. Alan Wallace, Ph.D.

B. Alan Wallace is president of the Santa Barbara Institute for Consciousness Studies. He trained for many years as a monk in Buddhist monasteries in India and Switzerland. He has taught Buddhist theory and practice in Europe and America since 1976 and has served as interpreter for numerous Tibetan scholars and contemplatives, including H. H. the Dalai Lama. After graduating summa cum laude from Amherst College, where he studied physics and the philosophy of science, he earned his M.A. and Ph.D. in religious studies at Stanford University. He has edited, translated, authored, and contributed to more than thirty books on Tibetan Buddhism, medicine, language, and culture, and the interface between science and religion. His published works include Choosing Reality: A Buddhist View of Physics and the Mind (Snow Lion, 1996), The Taboo of Subjectivity: Toward a New Science of Consciousness (Oxford, 2000), Buddhism and Science: Breaking New Ground (Columbia University Press 2003), Balancing the Mind: A Tibetan Buddhist Approach to Refining Attention (Snow Lion, 2005), Genuine Happiness: Meditation as the Path to Fulfillment (John Wiley & Sons, 2005), The Attention Revolution: Unlocking the Power of the Focused Mind (Wisdom 2006), and Contemplative Science: Where Buddhism and Neuroscience Converge (Columbia University Press, 2007). http://alanwallace.org http://sbinstitute.com

Marian Wright Edelman, J.D.

Marian Wright Edelman, Founder and President of the Children’s Defense Fund (CDF), has been an advocate for disadvantaged Americans for her entire professional life. Under her leadership, CDF has become the nation’s strongest voice for children and families. The Leave No Child Behind® mission of the Children’s Defense Fund is to ensure every child a Healthy Start, a Head Start, a Fair Start, a Safe Start, and a Moral Start in life and successful passage to adulthood with the help of caring families and communities. Mrs. Edelman, a graduate of Spelman College and Yale Law School, began her career in the mid-60s when, as the first black woman admitted to the Mississippi Bar, she directed the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund office in Jackson, Mississippi. In 1968, she moved to Washington, D.C., as counsel for the Poor People’s Campaign that Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. began organizing before his death. She founded theWashington Research Project, a public interest law firm and the parent body of the Children’s Defense Fund. For two years she served as the Director of the Center for Law and Education at Harvard University and in 1973 began CDF. Mrs. Edelman served on the Board of Trustees of Spelman College which she chaired from 1976 to 1987 and was the first woman elected by alumni as a member of the Yale University Corporation on which she served from 1971 to 1977. She has received many honorary degrees and awards including the Albert Schweitzer Humanitarian Prize, the Heinz Award, and a MacArthur Foundation Prize Fellowship. In 2000, she received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation’s highest civilian award, and the Robert F. Kennedy Lifetime Achievement Award for her writings which include eight books: Families in Peril: An Agenda for Social Change; The Measure of Our Success: A Letter to My Children and Yours; Guide My Feet: Meditations and Prayers on Loving and Working for Children; Stand for Children; Lanterns: A Memoir of Mentors; Hold My Hand: Prayers for Building a Movement to Leave No Child Behind; I’m Your Child, God: Prayers for Our Children; and I Can Make a Difference: A Treasury to Inspire Our Children. Her latest book The Sea is So Wide and My Boat is So Small: Charting a Course for the Next Generation released in bookstores September 23, 2008. She is a board member of the Robin Hood Foundation, the Association to Benefit Children, and City Lights School and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the American Philosophical Society, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences. Marian Wright Edelman is married to Peter Edelman, a Professor at Georgetown Law School. They have three sons, Joshua, Jonah, and Ezra, two granddaughters, Ellika and Zoe, and two grandsons, Elijah and Levi.

Lee Yearley, Ph.D.

Lee Yearley is Chairman of the Department of Religious Studies at Stanford University, where he has taught for twenty years. His specialty is comparative religious ethics, especially varying conceptions of the self and the good life, as they appear in the classical Greek, Christian, Confucian, and Taoist traditions. He received his bachelors degree from Haverford College and his Ph.D. from the divinity school at the University of Chicago. Dr. Yearley was the Henry Luce Professor of Comparative Religious Ethics at Amherst College in 1987-88 and will be a Luce Fellow at the Institute for the Advanced Study of Religion at the University of Chicago in 1990-91. His most recent book is Aquinas and Mencius: Theories of Virtue and Conceptions of Courage.

Arthur Zajonc, Ph.D.

Arthur Zajonc was professor of physics at Amherst College from 1978 to 2012, when he became President of the Mind & Life Institute. He received his B.S. and Ph.D. in physics from the University of Michigan. He has been visiting professor and research scientist at the Ecole Normale Superieure in Paris, the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics, and the universities of Rochester, and Hannover. He has been Fulbright professor at the University of Innsbruck in Austria. His research has included studies in electron-atom physics, parity violation in atoms, quantum optics, the experimental foundations of quantum physics, and the relationship between science, the humanities and the contemplative traditions. He has written extensively on Goethe’s science work. He is author of the book: Catching the Light, co-author of The Quantum Challenge, and co-editor of Goethe’s Way of Science. In 1997 he served as scientific coordinator for the Mind and Life dialogue published as The New Physics and Cosmology: Dialogues with the Dalai Lama. He again organized the 2002 dialogue with the Dalai Lama, “The Nature of Matter, the Nature of Life,” and acted as moderator at MIT for the “Investigating the Mind” Mind and Life dialogue in 2003. The proceedings of the Mind and Life-MIT meeting were published under the title The Dalai Lama at MIT. He currently directs the Academic Program of the Center for Contemplative Mind which supports appropriate inclusion of contemplative practice in higher education. He has also been General Secretary of the Anthroposophical Society in America, a co-founder of the Kira Institute, president of the Lindisfarne Association, and a senior program director at the Fetzer Institute.

Anton ZeilingerAnton Zeilinger, Ph.D.

Anton Zeilinger’s work on the foundations of quantum physics has led both to concepts for a novel quantum information technology and to a new understanding of fundamental issues in the interpretation of quantum mechanics. His group’s achievements include quantum teleportation, entangled-state quantum cryptography, the first experimental realization of a one-way quantum computer and the world record for the largest molecules for which quantum interference has been shown. Among his distinctions are the German Order Pour le Mérite, the King Faisal International Prize in Science, the Sartorius Prize by the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen and honorary doctorates of the Humboldt University Berlin and Gdansk University in Poland. He is a member of the Austrian, the Berlin-Brandenburg, the Polish and the Slovak Academies of Science and of the German Leopoldina. Zeilinger is currently Professor at the Physics Department of Vienna University and at the Institute of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information of the Austrian Academy of Sciences.

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