Mind and Life Dialogue Participants

A-E | F-J | K-O | P-S | T-Z

Jonathan Patz, M.D., M.P.H.

Jonathan Patz, MD, MPH, is Professor & Director of the Institute for Global Health at the University of Wisconsin in Madison. He Co-chaired the health expert panel of the US National Assessment on Climate Change and was a Convening Lead Author for the United Nations/World Bank Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. For the past 15 years, Dr. Patz has been a lead author for the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (or IPCC) – the organization that shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize with Al Gore. Dr. Patz has written over 85 peer-reviewed papers, a textbook addressing the health effects of global environmental change, and most recently co-edited a 5-volume Encyclopedia of Environmental Health (2011). He has been invited to brief both houses of Congress, served on several scientific committees of the National Academy of Sciences, and federal agency science advisory boards for both CDC and EPA. From 2006 to 2010, Dr. Patz served as President of the International Association for Ecology and Health. Dr. Patz received an Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellows Award in 2005, shared the Zayed International Prize for the Environment in 2006, and earned the distinction of becoming a UW-Madison Romnes Faculty Fellow in 2009. In addition to directing the university-wide Institute for Global Health, Professor Patz has faculty appointments in the Nelson Institute, Center for Sustainability and the Global Environment (SAGE) and the Department of Population Health Sciences. He also directs the NSF-sponsored Certificate on Humans and the Global Environment (CHANGE). Dr. Patz earned medical board certification in both Occupational/Environmental Medicine and Family Medicine and received his medical degree from Case Western Reserve University (1987) and his Master of Public Health degree (1992) from Johns Hopkins University.

Robert A. PaulRobert A. Paul, Ph.D.

Robert A. Paul, Ph.D., dean of Emory College, was educated at Harvard College and at the University of Chicago, where he earned his M.A. in 1966 and his Ph.D. in 1970 in the field of cultural anthropology. His professional interests within anthropology include psychological anthropology, comparative religion, myth and ritual, and the ethnography of Nepal, Tibet, the Himalayas, and South and Central Asia. After teaching appointments in anthropology at C.C.N.Y. and Queens College in the City University of New York, he came to Emory University in 1977 as associate professor in the Graduate Institute of Liberal Arts (I.L.A.), where he has now been a faculty member for twenty-four years. He helped establish Emory’s Anthropology Department in 1979 and served as its first acting chair. He holds a joint appointment in that department. He has also served two separate terms as director of the I.L.A. In 1986, he was named Charles Howard Candler Professor of Anthropology and Interdisciplinary Studies. In 1987, Dean Paul began clinical training at the Emory University Psychoanalytic Institute, located in the Psychiatry Department of Emory’s School of Medicine. He graduated in 1992 and was certified by the Board on Professional Standards of the American Psychoanalytic Association in 1997. He maintains a private clinical practice and holds an appointment as associate professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. In 1997, he established Emory’s widely recognized Psychoanalytic Studies Program and, in 2000, received Emory’s Crystal Apple Award for his graduate teaching in that program. In the fall of 2000, Robert A. Paul was selected, after a national search, to be dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at Emory, and, in the spring of 2001, after an internal search, he was selected as interim dean of Emory College for a two-year term beginning in June 2001. After a national search, he was selected as dean of Emory College in May 2003.

Elizabeth Phelps, Ph. D.

Elizabeth Phelps is Professor of Psychology at New York University. Phelps’s research concerns the cognitive neuroscience of emotion, attention, learning, and memory. Her primary objective has been to characterize how human attention, learning, and memory are changed by emotion and to investigate the neural systems mediating their interactions. She has approached these topics from a number of different perspectives, aiming for a more global understanding of the complex relations between emotion and memory. Her research has used a number of techniques (behavioral studies, physiological measurements, brain-lesion studies, fMRI), and she has worked with numerous collaborators in other domains (social and clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, neuroscientists, economists, physicists).

Charles L. RaisonCharles L. Raison, M.D. D.

Charles L. Raison, M.D., is a tenure-track assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Emory University School of Medicine and serves as a co-director of the Emory Collaborative for Contemplative Studies. His research focuses on explicating pathways by which innate immune system activation contributes to the development of depression in response to both illness and stress. Recently, he has begun an attempt to identify and test clinically-effective interventions based on findings regarding mechanisms that link inflammation to mood disturbance. In this context, he serves as a principal investigator in an ongoing study of compassion meditation in freshman college students at Emory. This study examines whether training individuals to re-envision their social embededness (via compassion meditation) will 1) enhance personality domains related to optimal emotional health; 2) protect against the development of depressive symptoms in response to the stress of college life; and 3) optimize neuroendocrine and inflammatory responses to psychosocial stress. In addition to his research work, he takes an active role in other university-based activities in areas related to science and spirituality, serving as one of the founding members of a group of scientists developing and implementing a curriculum designed to teach science to Tibetan Buddhist monks in India.

Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad, D.Phil.

Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad studied history, politics and sociology in India before taking his doctorate in Philosophy at Oxford. He taught at the National University of Singapore and held research fellowships at Oxford and Cambridge before joining Lancaster University, where he is Professor of Comparative Religion and Philosophy, and currently Associate Dean for Research in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. He has held visiting fellowships in various universities in India and the US, and delivered over thirty plenary and established lectures across the world. His books are Knowledge and Liberation in Classical Indian Thought, Advaita Epistemology and Metaphysics, Eastern Philosophy, India: Life, Myth and Art, and Indian Philosophy and the Consequences of Knowledge. He has published nearly fifty papers in the areas of Indian and comparative epistemology, metaphysics and consciousness studies; religion and politics; comparative theology; and classical Indian religion. He has also written for leading magazines like Prospect and spoken regularly on the BBC. He is currently the PI on the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council-funded major research project, ‘Self: Hindu Responses to Buddhist Critiques’, and has held research grants from the Templeton Foundation to study Indian theories of consciousness, and the British Home Office to study religion and immigrant integration in British society.

V.S. Ramamurthy, Ph.D.

Prof. V. S. Ramamurthy is a well known Indian nuclear scientist with a broad range of contributions from basic research to science administration. Prof. Ramamurthy started his career in Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai in the year 1963. He has made important research contributions, both experimental and theoretical, in many areas of nuclear fission and heavy ion reaction mechanisms, statistical and thermodynamic properties of nuclei, physics of atomic and molecular clusters and low energy accelerator applications. During the period 1995-2006, Prof. Ramamurthy was fully involved in science promotion in India as Secretary to the Government of India, Department of Science & Technology (DST), New Delhi. He was also the Chairman of the IAEA Standing Advisory Group on Nuclear Applications for nearly a decade, Chairman, Board of Governors, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi and also Chairman, Recruitment & Assessment Board, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. After retirement from government service, Prof. Ramamurthy, in addition to continuing research in Nuclear Physics in the Inter-University Accelerator Centre, New Delhi, has also been actively involved in human resource development in all aspects of nuclear research and applications. He is currently the Director, National Institute of Advanced Studies in Bangalore, and Member, National Security Advisory Board. In recognition of his services to the growth of Science and Technology in the country, Prof. Ramamurthy was awarded one of the top civilian awards of the country, the Padma Bhushan, by the Government of India in 2005.

Vijayalakshmi Ravindranath, Ph.D.

Dr. Vijayalakshmi Ravindranath obtained her Ph.D. from the University of Mysore in 1981. In 1986, after completing her Post-Doctoral training at the NCI, NIH, USA, she joined the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, (NIMHANS) Bangalore. In 1999, Government of India sought her help to help establish the National Brain Research Centre (NBRC), an autonomous institution of the Ministry of Science and Technology as a centre of excellence and to co-ordinate and network neuroscience research groups in the country. She continued as Director, NBRC till April 2009, when she returned to Bangalore at the Indian Institute of Science as Professor and Chairman of the newly created Centre for Neuroscience. During her tenure as Director she provided visionary leadership at NBRC, which in a very short period attained a position of being an internationally acclaimed centre of excellence. In a short span of 3 years she established a state-of-art institute in a remote location and initiated a unified approach to understanding the human brain, integrating mathematical and computational science. NBRC was granted deemed University status in May 2002 to help promote human resource development in an inter-disciplinary manner. She networked 45 institutions around the country with NBRC with a goal to share resources and promote neuroscience research. The unifying goal of her laboratory is to understand pathogenic mechanisms underlying neurodegenerative disorders with a goal to discover disease-modifying therapies. To this effect, she adopts a combinatorial approach to elucidate important cellular pathways involved in the disease pathways in animal models of Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease. She is an elected Fellow of all the 3 science academies in the country, namely Indian National Science Academy, Indian Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Sciences, India. She is also a Fellow of the National Academy of Medical Sciences, India, Indian Academy of Neurosciences and Third World Academy of Sciences. She is a recipient of the prestigious S.S. Bhatnagar award (1996), Omprakash Bhasin Award (2001) and the J.C. Bose Fellowship (2006) and Padma Shri (2010).

Daniel Reisberg, Ph.D.

Daniel Reisberg is professor of psychology at Reed College. In his research he has explored the conscious experience of imagery, and how this experience influences remembering and problem solving. His research interests also include how people remember the emotional events of their lives, and he is currently coeditor of a new book on this topic. He has published more than fifty chapters and journal articles, and he serves on the editorial boards of many research journals.

Matthieu RicardMatthieu Ricard, Ph.D.

Matthieu Ricard is a Buddhist monk at Shechen Monastery in Kathmandu, Nepal. Born in France in 1946, he received a Ph.D. in Cellular Genetics at the Institut Pasteur under Nobel Laureate Francois Jacob. As a hobby, he wrote Animal Migrations (Hill and Wang, 1969). He first traveled to the Himalayas in 1967 and has lived there since 1972, studying with Kangyur Rinpoche and Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, two of the most eminent Tibetan teachers of our times. Since 1989, he served as French interpreter for His Holiness the Dalai Lama. He is the author of The Monk and the Philosopher (with his father, the French thinker Jean-Francois Revel), of The Quantum and the Lotus (with the astrophysicist Trinh Xuan Thuan), Happiness, A Guide to Developing Life’s Most Important Skill and Why Meditate? He has translated several books from Tibetan into English and French, including The Life of Shabkar and The Heart of Compassion. As a photographer, he has published several albums, including The Spirit of Tibet, Buddhist Himalayas, Tibet, Motionless Journey and Bhutan(www.matthieuricard.org). He devotes all the of proceeds from his books and much of his time to forty humanitarian projects (schools, clinics, orphanages, elderly people’s home and bridges) in Tibet, Nepal and India, through his charitable association Karuna-shechen (www.karuna-shechen.org) and to the preservation of the Tibetan cultural heritage (www.shechen.org).

Eleanor Rosch, Ph.D.Eleanor Rosch

Eleanor Rosch received her Ph.D. in 1969 from Harvard University in the interdisciplinary Department of Social Relations. After a year’s field work in Indonesian New Guinea, she joined the faculty of the Department of Psychology at the University of California, Berkeley. She is best known for her work in concepts and categories and has originated the field within cognitive psychology called categorization research. She is author of numerous scientific articles and editor of the book Cognition and Categorization. She is co-founder of the Cognitive Science Program at U.C. Berkeley. She has been a student of Chogyam Trungpa Rinpoche (Tibetan Buddhism) for over a decade, has served as a faculty member of Naropa Institute, and is currently also becoming conversant with the study of Buddhism in the scholarly tradition. Presently, she is professor of psychology at U.C. Berkeley where she teaches courses in cognitive psychology and Buddhist psychology.

Sanjit Bunker Roy

Mr. Sanjit (Bunker) Roy is a well-known Indian educator and social activist who has done development and empowerment work in some of the least developed countries of the world. He received his education at the prestigious Doon School and St. Stephens College. In 1972, he founded the innovative Barefoot College in India (www.barefootcollege.org). The college was founded upon the idea that traditional and indigenous knowledge and skills that lie within the community should be applied to finding solutions to rural problems. The college believes in practicing the life style and work style of Mahatma Ghandi. This innovative educational Barefoot approach has now spread to 13 States in India including Bhutan and to 17 of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) around the world, mostly in Africa. Mr. Roy has also been involved in environmental activism and has received numerous awards for his work in the areas of education and ecology, including: the SUEZ Environment-Water for All Foundation-Special Prize (2009); The Sierra Club Green Energy & Green livelihoods Achievement Award (2009); the Alcan Award (2006); the Skoll Foundation Award (2005); and The Schwab Foundation for Outstanding Social Entrepreneurs, World Economic Forum Geneva Switzerland (2002) among others. In 2008, The Guardian in London recognized Mr. Bunker Roy as one of the 50 Environmentalists in the world who could save the planet.

Sharon SalzbergSharon Salzberg

Sharon Salzberg has been teaching meditation retreats worldwide for over 30 years. She is a co-founder of the Insight Meditation Society in Barre, Massachusetts, The Barre Center for Buddhist Studies and The Forest Refuge, a new center for long term meditation practice. Sharon is the author of Faith: Trusting Your Own Deepest Experience, published by Riverhead Books, Lovingkindness: The Revolutionary Art of Happiness, published by Shambhala Publications, The Force of Kindness, and Insight Meditation: a step by step guide to how to meditate (with Joseph Goldstein) both published by Sounds True.

Geshe Ngawang Samten

Geshe Samten came to India with his parents after the Chinese occupation of Tibet in 1959. He studied at the Central School for Tibetans in Chandragiri, Orissa, and thereafter at the Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies at Sarnath, where he earned the titles of Shastri and Acharya. Thereafter studying in the Tibetan traditional monastic system, he obtained the degree of Geshe Lharampa from Gaden Shartse Monastery in South India. Professor Samten’s work focuses on the restoration of lost Buddhist texts into Sanskrit, based on the classical Tibetan translations made in ancient times jointly by the Indian and Tibetan Pundits. He is also actively engaged in Hindi translations of Buddhist texts in Sanskrit and Tibetan. With special interest in the philosophy of Nagarjuna, Professor Samten published the definitive critical edition of the Ratnavali with its commentary. He is credited with important publications, such as a critical edition of Abhidhammattha Samgaho, a critical edition of Sanskrit and Tibetan versions of the Pindidrita and the Pancakrama of Nagarjuna, and recently, The Ocean of Reasoning, an annotated English translation of the commentary on Nagarjuna’s Mulamadhyamaka Karika by the Tibetan master thinker Tson-Kha-Pa, published by Oxford University Press. In 2008, he was awarded Padma Shri by the President of India for his distinguished services in the fields of education and literature. He is currently the Vice-Chancellor of Central University of Tibetan Studies, Sarnath, Varanasi.

Robert M. SapolskyRobert M. Sapolsky, Ph.D.

Robert Sapolsky is John A. and Cynthia Fry Gunn Professor of Biological Sciences, Neurology and Neurological Sciences at Stanford University, and is a research associate at the Institute of Primate Research, National Museums of Kenya. His work is in four broad areas: a) how stress and stress hormones damage the nervous system and compromise the ability of neurons to survive neurological insults; b) the design of gene therapy strategies to save neurons from such insults; c) the design of gene therapy strategies to protect against animal models of psychiatric disorders; d) long-standing studies of wild baboons in East Africa, examining the relationships among dominance rank, social behavior, personality, and patterns of stress-related disease. Sapolsky is the author of 5 books and of some 350 technical papers.

Cliff SaronClifford Saron, Ph.D.

Cliff Saron, Ph.D., is currently an Assistant Research Scientist at the Center for Mind and Brain at the University of California at Davis (http://mindbrain.ucdavis.edu), and faculty member of the UC Davis M.I.N.D. Institute. He received his Ph.D. in Neuroscience from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in 1999 studying interhemispheric visuomotor integration under the direction of Herbert Vaughan, Jr. Dr. Saron has had a long-standing interest in brain and behavioral effects of meditation practice and has been faculty at the Mind and Life Summer Institute for the past three years. In the early 1990′s he was centrally involved in a field research project investigating Tibetan Buddhist mind training in collaboration with Jose Cabezón, Richard Davidson, Francisco Varela, Alan Wallace and others under the auspices of the Private Office of H.H. the Dalai Lama and the Mind and Life Institute. Currently, in collaboration with Buddhist scholar Alan Wallace and a consortium of scientists at UC Davis and elsewhere, he is Principal Investigator of The Shamatha Project, a unique longitudinal study of the effects of intensive meditation training based on the practice of meditative quiescence (shamatha) and cultivation of the four immeasureables (loving kindness, compassion, empathetic joy, and equanimity) on attention-related skills and emotion regulation. The Shamatha Project is the most comprehensive and multimethod study to date regarding the potential effects of long-term intensive meditation practice on basic mental and physical processes related to cognition, emotion, and motivation. His other primary research interest focuses on investigating brain and behavioral correlates of sensory processing and multisensory integration in children on the autistic spectrum.

Gert Scobel

Born on May 12th 1959 in Aachen, Gert Scobel studied Theology and Philosophy in Frankfurt am Main und at the GTU in Berkeley, California, receiving a scholarship from the German National Academic Foundation. After a short period of teaching in collaboration with a German Research Project at the University of San Francisco, he worked as a writer for the magazine of the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung until he joined the ARD (First public National Radio and TV) in 1988 as documentary filmmaker and host of various science and culture programs. He was anchorman of the daily culture program Kulturzeit (3sat) and of the nationwide Breakfast TV both on ARD and ZDF in 2004. Creating several TV formats, he presently is responsible for his own program „scobel“ on 3sat in 2008. In an interdisciplinary way, the weekly TV program covers themes ranging from science and culture to social issues. He received varios awards (Deutscher Fernsehpreis, Grimme Preis, Bayerischer Fernsehpreis), is author of two children books and of a fact book on wisdom (Weisheit – über das was uns fehlt, 2008). He received two times the EICOS (The European Initiative for Communicators of Science) scholarship working at the Max-Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Martinsried and the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen.

Zindel V. SegalZindel V. Segal, Ph.D.

Zindel Segal is the Morgan Firestone Chair in Psychotherapy in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Toronto. He is Head of the Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Unit at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and is a Professor in the Departments of Psychiatry and Psychology at the University of Toronto. He received his undergraduate training in Psychology at McGill University and completed his graduate work at Queen’s University. Dr. Segal’s research focuses on cognitive mechanisms of relapse vulnerability in affective disorder, especially the way in which transient dysphoria can (re)evoke depressive knowledge structures in semantic memory. He is currently conducting a 5 year NIMH funded study to evalute the sequencing of pharmacological remission in depression with mindfulness-based prophylaxis for the prevention of depressive relapse and recurrence. Dr. Segal is a member of the NIMH Interventions Review Committee and has served as an associate editor for Cognitive Therapy and Research. He has published over 150 scientific articles and 7 books including: Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Depression (with Williams and Teasdale)which advocates for the relevance of mindfulness-based clinical care in psychiatry and mental health.

Bennett M. ShapiroBennett M. Shapiro, M.D.

Bennett M. Shapiro, M.D. Bennett Shapiro is a consultant in biotechnology. He was previously Executive Vice President, Worldwide Licensing and External Research, where he directed Merck’s research relationships with the academic and industrial biomedical research community. He joined Merck Research Laboratories in September of 1990 as Executive Vice President, Basic Research, Merck Research Laboratories. In this position he was responsible for all the basic and preclinical research activities at Merck worldwide. Earlier, he was Professor and Chairman of the Department of Biochemistry at the University of Washington. He is the author of over 120 papers on the molecular regulation of cellular behavior and the biochemical events that integrate the cascade of cellular activations at fertilization. Shapiro received his bachelor’s degree in chemistry from Dickinson College and his doctor’s degree in medicine from Jefferson Medical College. Following an Internship in Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania Hospital, he was a Research Associate at the NIH, then a Visiting Scientist at the Institut Pasteur in Paris and returned to the NIH as Chief – Section on Cellular Differentiation in the Laboratory of Biochemistry, prior to joining the University of Washington. Dr. Shapiro has been a Guggenheim Fellow, a Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science and a Visiting Professor at the University of Nice. He is currently a Trustee of Dickinson College and a Director of the Drugs for Neglected Disease Initiative-North America and the Tricycle Foundation, as well as of several biotechnology companies.

Phillip R. ShaverPhillip R. Shaver, Ph.D.

Phillip R. Shaver, a social and personality psychologist, received his PhD in psychology from the University of Michigan in 1970 and is currently Professor and Chair of the Department of Psychology at the University of California, Davis. He has served on the faculties of Columbia University, New York University, University of Denver, and SUNY at Buffalo. He is associate editor of Attachment and Human Development, a member of the editorial boards of Personal Relationships, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, and New Review of Social Psychology, and a former member of study sections for NIH and NSF. He has received numerous research grants and published several books, including Measures of Personality and Social Psychological Attitudes, Measures of Political Attitudes, and Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications, and more than 150 scholarly journal articles and book chapters. His current research focuses on emotions, close relationships, and personal development, especially from the perspective of attachment theory. In recent years he has been collaborating with Professor Mario Mikulincer, of Bar-Ilan University (Israel), on questionnaire, observational, and experimental studies of attachment security, compassion, and altruism, focusing especially on the ways in which attachment security (increased experimentally) fosters compassion and virtuous behavior, such as helping others in need and forgiving people who have been hurtful. He has made notable contributions to the scientific literatures on human emotions, close relationships, and the psychology of religion. In 2002, he received a Distinguished Career Award from the International Association for Relationship

David S. ShepsDavid S. Sheps, M.D., MSPH

David S. Sheps received his M.D. from the University of North Carolina (1969), completed his residency in the Department of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital (1972) and completed a fellowship in cardiology at Yale University School of Medicine (1974). He has an MSPH in Epidemiology from the University of North Carolina (1988). Dr. Sheps is Professor and Associate Chair in the Division of Cardiology at the University of Florida College of Medicine and is a staff cardiologist at the Gainesville VA Medical Center. He is Director of Nuclear Cardiology at the University of Florida. Effective January 2002, Dr. Sheps was recognized for his accomplishments in behavioral medicine by being appointed as Editor-in-Chief of the Psychosomatic Medicine Journal. Dr. Sheps is a well-recognized expert in the field of the effects of psychological stress in patients with coronary artery disease and mental stress ischemia and has a strong track record of publications and grants in this area. Dr. Sheps has been principal investigator on numerous grants funded by the NIH, the Health Effects Institute, the US Environmental Protection Agency, and pharmaceutical groups. Dr. Sheps has focused on behavioral, clinical and epidemiologic manifestations of disease expression, particularly in coronary artery disease. Since he received his Masters in Epidemiology in 1988, he has been funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in several areas. He was the previous principal investigator of the Women’s Health Initiative at the University of North Carolina and has continued his work in that area as the principal investigator of an ancillary study to the Women’s Health Initiative being performed in 10 institutions with a subject population of 3,000. The purpose of that study was to detect the predictive power of ambulatory ischemia to detect subsequent events in various clinical subsets of women in the observational study of the Women’s Health Initiative. Dr. Sheps was also a member of the Coordinating Center of the ENRICHD Study, an NIH-funded multicenter study to evaluate treatment of depression in patients with coronary artery disease. A recently funded NIH grant, Psychological Stress and Risk of Cardiac Events investigates a broad spectrum of coronary artery disease patients with both nuclear cardiac imaging and peripheral vascular analysis to more easily detect the large number currently at risk for adverse events. An ongoing NIH grant, Mindful Based Stress Reduction and Myocardial Ischemia focuses on treatment of patients with psychological stress induced ischemia to attempt to see if adverse prognosis of stress induced ischemia can be altered. This is a natural extension of work published in Circulation showing that mental stress ischemia in the PIMI study identified patients with an adverse outlook for subsequent mortality. In summary, Dr. Sheps’ research interests have focused on behavioral manifestations of disease in several areas: pain perception, gender differences, and acute (laboratory induced) and chronic (depression) manifestations of psychological stress.

John F. SheridanJohn F. Sheridan, Ph.D.

John F. Sheridan is Professor of Immunology and Director of the Comprehensive Training in Oral and Craniofacial Biology program. He currently holds the George C. Paffenbarger Alumni Endowed Research Chair, and is the Associate Director of the Institute for Behavioral Medicine Research at the Ohio State University. He received a B.S. degree from Fordham University, and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the Waksman Institute of Microbiology at Rutgers University. He did postdoctoral training in microbiology/immunology at the Duke University Medical Center and the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. He is a founding member and past president of the Psychoneuroimmunology Research Society. His major research interests include neuroendocrine regulation of gene expression in inflammatory and immune responses, stress-induced susceptibility to infectious disease, viral pathogenesis and host immunity. Current studies seek to define key cellular and molecular mechanisms by which social behavior affects immunity and resistance to infectious disease. To date, these studies have demonstrated the importance of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in viral pathogenesis, resistance to infectious disease, effectiveness of vaccination, and tissue repair/wound healing.

Lee S. Shulman, Ph.D.

Lee S. Shulman is president emeritus of The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, having served for 11 years as its eighth president. After leaving the Foundation in August 2008, Shulman has begun a period of travel and writing. He will have an office at Stanford University after April 2009. Shulman’s research and writings have dealt with the study of teaching and teacher education; the growth of knowledge among those learning to teach; the assessment of teaching; medical education; the psychology of instruction in science, mathematics, and medicine; the logic of educational research; and the quality of teaching in higher education. His work has devoted special attention to the role of pedagogical content knowledge in teaching, the scholarship of teaching and learning in both K-12 and higher education, and on the role of “signature pedagogies” in education in the professions and in doctoral education. He is currently working on a book tentatively titled Professing, which looks back on a decade’s research at the Foundation on education in the professions, teacher education, the doctorate and liberal education. Shulman is the Charles E. Ducommun Professor of Education Emeritus and Professor of Psychology Emeritus (by courtesy) at Stanford University. From 1963 to 1982 he served as Professor of Educational Psychology and Medical Education at Michigan State University. It was there he founded and codirected the Institute for Research on Teaching (IRT). Dr. Shulman holds all his academic degrees from the University of Chicago. He is a past president of the American Educational Research Association (AERA) and received its career award for Distinguished Contributions to Educational Research. He is also a past president of the National Academy of Education. He is the recipient of the American Psychological Association’s 1995 E.L. Thorndike Award for Distinguished Psychological Contributions to Education, a fellow of both the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a Guggenheim Fellow, a Fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences and has been awarded the 2006 Grawemeyer Prize in Education.

Joan Silk, Ph.D.

Joan Silk is Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Los Angeles. She is principally interested in how natural selection shapes the evolution of social behavior in nonhuman primates. Most of her empirical work has focused on the behavior and reproductive strategies of females in two species of Old World monkeys, bonnet macaques (Macaca radiata) and baboons (Papio cynocephalus). Her dissertation research on bonnet macaques provided some of the first systematic evidence of the sources of variation in female reproductive success, and revealed that females compete vigorously for reproductive opportunities within the groups. Social bonds and alliances among females provide one way for females to cope with competition and stress. Prof. Silk’s collaborative research on wild baboons in the Amboseli basin of Kenya and the Okvango Delta of Botswana has shown that females form strong, equitable, and enduring relationships with selected partners, and show strong preferences for their mothers, daughters, sisters, and peers. In these groups, the quality of social relationships among females have important effects on their fitness. Females who are well-integrated into their social groups and form the strongest bonds to other females reproduce more successfully than other females. Over the last decade, Prof. Silk has become increasingly interested in questions that explicitly link together studies of nonhuman primates and humans, attempting to probe the phylogenetic roots of capacities that play a crucial role in human societies, such as reconciliation, cooperation, friendship, cooperative signals, paternal investment, and prosocial sentiments. She has conducted experiments to examine the prosocial preferences of chimpanzees and children. Prof. Silk is the co-author with Robert Boyd of a well-regarded textbook on human evolution, How Humans Evolved, the co-editor (with Peter Kappeler) of a volume about the roots of universal features of human societies, Mind the Gap: The Origins of Human Universals; and over 100 articles in edited volumes and peer-reviewed journals.

Tania SingerTania Singer, Dr. Phil.

Tania Singer is Assistant Professor of Social Neuroscience and Neuroeconomics at the Center for the Study of Social and Neural Systems at the University of Zurich. She studied psychology and media at the University of Marburg and the Technical University of Berlin. She was Pre- and Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin, where she worked on cognitive development over the life span. For her dissertation she was awarded the Otto Hahn medal and a one-year grant, which she used to go to London to work with Chris Frith on the social brain at the Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, UCL. With the support of another grant from the Academia Leopoldina, she extended her stay in London for two years in order to proceed with her work on the neural underpinnings of empathy and fairness. In her last year in London she worked with Uta Frith at the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, UCL, in London, where she extended her previous work on healthy subjects to autistic populations. She recently obtained a highly competitive grant (of the 9,167 applications submitted, 3% were funded) by the European Research Council (ERC) to fund a project entitled: “Plasticity of the Empathic Brain: Structural and Functional MRI Studies on the Effect of Empathy Training on the Human Brain and Prosocial Behaviour.” She has authored many articles on the social brain in prestigious journals such as Science or Nature, is associate editor of the journal Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience and on the board of the Society for Neuroeconomics. Her main research interest is in the understanding of the foundation of human social behaviour and social emotions such as empathy and fairness from the perspective of social neuroscience, developmental and social cognitive psychology as well as economics. In her spare time, she pursues interests in the arts, participating in drama and film productions as well as studying music, voice, and dance. www.socialbehavior.uzh.ch/static/home/singer/

Wolf SingerWolf Singer, M.D., Ph.D

Wolf Singer is Director at the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research in Frankfurt and Founding Director of the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies (FIAS). He studied medicine at the Universites of Munich and Paris, received his M.D. from the Ludwig-Maximilians-University and his Ph.D. from the Technical University in Munich. Until the mid-eighties his research interests were focused on the experience-dependent development of the cerebral cortex and on mechanisms of use-depedent synaptic plasticity. Subsequently, his research concentrated on the binding problem that arises from the distributed organization of the cerebral cortex. The hypothesis forwarded by Professor Singer is that the numerous and widely distributed subprocesses which constitute the basis of cognitive and executive functions are coordinated and bound together by the precise temporal synchronization of oscillatory neuronal activity. Professor Singer has signed more than 254 articles in peer-reviewed journals, contributed more than 191 chapters to books, has written numerous essays on the ethical and philosophical implications of neuroscientific discoveries, and published 2 books. He is the recipient of numerous awards including the IPSEN Prize for Neuronal Plasticity, the Ernst Jung Prize for Medicine, the Zülch Prize for Brain Research, and the Communicator Prize of the German Research Foundation. He is member of numerous national and international academies, including the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. He served as President of the European Neuroscience Association, as Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Max Planck Society, and as member of numerous Advisory Boards of scientific organizations and editorial boards of journals.

Ralph SnydermanRalph Snyderman, M.D.

Ralph Snyderman, M.D. is Chancellor Emeritus, Duke University and James B. Duke Professor of Medicine in the Duke University School of Medicine. He is currently a visiting professor in the Global Health Science Center of the University of California at San Francisco. From 1989 to July 2004, he served as Chancellor for Health Affairs and Dean of the School of Medicine. During this period, he oversaw the development of the Duke University Health System, one of the few fully integrated academic health systems in the country, and served as its Chief Executive Officer. The health system provides not only leading edge care, but is also developing tomorrow’s models of health care delivery. Dr. Snyderman has been a leading proponent of a new approach to health called “Prospective Care.” This model envisions each individual receiving a personalized health plan based on their own risks and needs. This will give people far more control of and responsibility for their own health as well as opportunities to improve it. Prospective Care combines the best in science and technology with humanistic medical practice and relies on integrative medicine to do this. Dr. Snyderman is the recipient of numerous honors, including the highest awards in the field of inflammation research, the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Arthritis Foundation and the first Bravewell Leadership Award for outstanding achievements in the field of integrative medicine. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine and American Academy of Arts & Sciences, past chair of the Association of American Medical Colleges and immediate past president of the American Association of Physicians.

Elliott Sober, Ph.D.

Elliott Sober received his Ph.D. in Philosophy from Harvard University in 1974. Since then he has been an Assistant/Associate/Full Professor and is currently Vilas Professor of Philosophy at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. His main area of research is the philosophy of science, focusing especially on philosophical questions raised by evolutionary biology. His publications include: The Nature of Selection, Reconstructing the Past, Core Questions in Philosophy; The Philosophy of Biology, and From a Biological Point of View.

Larry Squire, Ph.D.

Larry SquireLarry Squire received his Ph.D. in 1968 from the Department of Psychology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After postdoctoral training at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, he joined the faculty of the Department of Psychiatry at the University of California School of Medicine, San Diego (UCSD). Currently, he is Professor of Psychiatry at UCSD and Research Career Scientist at the Veterans Administration Medical Center in San Diego. His interests are in the organization of memory and its neurological foundations. He and his research group study neurological disorders of human memory and the anatomy of memory in monkeys. He has published 150 scientific articles and a book, Memory and Brain. He is Secretary of the Society for Neuroscience and editor of the journal Behavioral Neuroscience.

Ervin StaubErvin Staub, Ph.D.

Ervin Staub is Professor of Psychology at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He received his Ph.D. at Stanford University and taught at Harvard University. His work has focused on caring, helping, altruism and passivity in the face of others’ needs. His books on this topic are Positive social behavior and morality: Vol. 1. Social and personal influences, 1978; Vol. 2. Socialization and development, 1979, and two co-edited volumes Development and Maintenance of Prosocial Behavior: International Perspectives on Positive Morality, 1984; and Social and Moral Values: Individual and Societal Perspectives, 1989. He also edited Personality: Current Issues and Basic Research, 1980. Since the late 70′s he has also studied human destructiveness like genocide and ethnic violence (The Roots of Evil: The Origins of Genocide and Other Group Violence, and Patriotism in the Life of Individuals and Nations, 1995) and youth violence. His article, The Psychology of Bystanders, Perpetrators and Heroic Helpers, won the Otto Klineberg Intercultural and International Prize of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues. He has applied his work to public issues and concerns (e.g., police violence, racism, the war in Iraq, child rearing) in articles, lectures, workshops, teacher training, interviews with journalists, and radio and television appearances.

Esther M. SternbergEsther M. Sternberg, M.D.

Dr. Sternberg received her M.D. degree and trained in Rheumatology at McGill University, Montreal, Canada, did post-doctoral training and was on the faculty at Washington University, St. Louis, MO, before joining the National Institutes Health in 1986. Currently Chief of the Section on Neuroendocrine Immunology and Behavior at the National Institute of Mental Health, Dr. Sternberg is also Director of the Integrative Neural Immune Program, NIMH/NIH and Co-Chair of the NIH Intramural Program on Research in Women’s Health, both multi-Institute Intramural research programs designed to foster interdisciplinary research at NIH. Dr. Sternberg is internationally recognized for her discoveries in central nervous system – immune system interactions and the brain’s stress response in susceptibility to arthritis and other diseases, including depression, i.e. the science of the mind-body interaction. Her recent discovery of the glucocorticoid repressing effect of anthrax lethal toxin extends these principles into biodefense. Her numerous original scientific and review articles and textbook chapters are published in leading scientific journals including Nature Medicine, Science, New England Journal of Medicine, Scientific American, J. of Clinical Investigation and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. She is a reviewer and editorial board member for many scientific journals; has edited several books, including Neuroimmunomodulation: Perspectives at the New Millennium and Neuroendocrine and Neural Regulation of Autoimmune and Inflammatory Disease: Molecular, Systems, and Clinical Insights. (New York Academy of Sciences, 2000 & 2003), and authored the popular book: “The Balance Within: The Science Connecting Health and Emotions.” (W.H. Freeman & Co., 2000, paperback 2001, H. Holt). In recognition of her work, she received the Public Health Service’s Superior Service Award; Arthritis Foundation William R. Felts Award for Excellence in Rheumatology Research; United States Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service Staff Recognition Award; FDA Commissioner’s Special Citation (pathogenesis of the L-tryptophan eosinophilia myalgia syndrome); NIMH Director’s Merit Award (leadership in developing interdisciplinary programs); was elected to the American Society for Clinical Investigation and to a Committee of the National Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Medicine; testified before Congress; been advisor to the World Health Organization; member of the National Library of Medicine’s (NLM) Literature Selection Technical Review (Medline) and Exhibition Program Advisory Committees. Dr. Sternberg is frequently invited to lecture nationally and internationally, including the Smithsonian Institution (Washington, D.C.), Nobel Forum (Karolinska Institute, Stockholm), Woman’s Heart Day (Madison Square Garden), NY; chaired many national and international scientific conferences; is immediate past-President of the International Society for Neuroimmunomodulation; co-directed a concurrent NLM Exhibition and video on “Emotions and Disease” (1996).

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