Mind and Life Dialogue Participants

A-E | F-J | K-O | P-S | T-Z

Martha J. FarahMartha J. Farah, Ph.D.

Martha J. Farah grew up in New York City and went to college at MIT, where she earned undergraduate degrees in Metallurgy and Philosophy in 1977. She studied Experimental Psychology at Harvard, earning a Ph.D. in 1983 and going on to postdoctoral studies in Neuropsychology at MIT and the Boston VA Hospital. She has taught at Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pennsylvania, where she is now Walter H. Annenberg Professor in the Natural Sciences and Director of the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience. Professor Farah’s work spans many topics within cognitive neuroscience, including visual perception, attention, mental imagery, semantic memory, reading, prefrontal function, and most recently, neuroethics. Her publications include: Visual Agnosia, (MIT Press, 1990; 2nd edition, 2004), The Cognitive Neuroscience of Vision (Blackwell, 2000), and the edited volume: Patient-based Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience (MIT Press, 1999; 2nd edition 2006), and she is the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Associate Editor for Neuroethics. She is a recipient of the American Psychological Association’s Early Career Contribution Award, the National Academy of Science’s Troland Award, and a Guggenheim Fellowship. She currently lives in Philadelphia with her 11 year-old daughter and a Tibetan Terrier of unknown age.

Ernst Fehr, Ph.D.

Ernst Fehr is Professor in Microeconomics and Experimental Economics and Director of the Institute for Empirical Research in Economics at the University of Zürich. He is affiliated faculty member of the Department of Economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), former president of the Economic Science Association and the European Economic Association, and an honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and John Kenneth Galbraith Fellow of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences. Ernst Fehr is well-known for his important contributions to behavioral and experimental economics, as well as to the emerging field of neuroeconomics. His research focuses on the proximate patterns and the evolutionary origins of human altruism and the interplay between social preferences, social norms and strategic interactions. He has conducted extensive research on the impact of social preferences on competition, cooperation and on the psychological foundations of incentives. More recently he has worked on the role of bounded rationality in strategic interactions and on the neurobiological foundations of social and economic behavior. Fehr’s work is characterized by the combination of game theoretic tools with experimental methods and the use of insights from economics, social psychology, sociology, biology and neuroscience for a better understanding of human social behavior. In particular his research on the integration of sociological and psychological aspects into modern economics has brought him numerous prizes, such as the Marcel Benoist-Prize 2008. He is the first economist to be honored with this academic prize, referred to as the “Swiss Nobel prize.”

David Ritz FinkelsteinDavid Ritz Finkelstein, Ph.D.

David Ritz Finkelstein teaches and studies physics at Georgia Institute of Technology and edits the International Journal of Theoretical Physics. When he learned in college that quantum physics revises the logic for physical system, he began working to extend quantum logic to still deeper levels of physics. As by-products of this main interest, he has contributed to early work on the topology of the gravitational field, the concept of the black hole, the gauge theory of the electroweak interactions, and quantum theory. He has elaborated the Copenhagen epistemology into a relativistic philosophy which he calls practic, based on processes rather than states. He currently explores the consequences of a process atomic hypothesis: that all physical processes are made up of finitely many indivisible elementary ones; see his book, Quantum Relativity.

Owen FlanaganOwen Flanagan, Ph.D.

Owen Flanagan is James B. Duke Professor of Philosophy and Chair, Professor of Psychology-Experimental, and Professor of Neurobiology at Duke University. In 1999-2000, Dr. Flanagan held the Romanell Phi Beta Kappa Professorship awarded by the national Phi Beta Kappa office to an American philosopher for distinguished contributions to philosophy and to the public understanding of philosophy. Dr. Flanagan works primarily on the mind-body problem, moral psychology, and the conflict between the scientific and the humanistic image of persons. He is the author of The Science of the Mind, MIT University Press, 1991; Varieties of Moral Personality, Harvard University Press, 1991; Consciousness Reconsidered, MIT University Press, 1992; Self-Expressions: Mind, Morals and the Meaning of Life, Oxford University Press, 1996, and Dreaming Souls: Sleep, Dreams and the Evolution of the Conscious Mind, Oxford University Press, 2000. He has also published numerous articles including several recent articles on the nature of the virtues; the moral emotions; Confucianism; and the scientific status of psychoanalysis.

Glenn S. Forbes, M.D.

Glenn Forbes is chief executive officer of Mayo Clinic Rochester. He serves as chair of the Mayo Clinic Executive Board and is a member of the Mayo Clinic Board of Trustees. Dr. Fobes received the B.S. degree from the University of Notre Dame and the M.D. degree from Yale University School of Medicine. He completed fellowships at Notre Dame and Yale, in addition to an internship and fellowships in diagnostic radiology and neuroradiology at Mayo Clinic. Throughout his training and career, Dr. Forbes has received numerous honors and awards and has held professional memberships for the American Board of Radiology, American College of Radiology, American Medical Association and the American Society of Neuroradiology, among other organizations. He is past president and CEO of Franciscan Skemp Healthcare, Mayo Health System, and past chair of Mayo Clinic Rochester Department of Radiology. Dr. Forbes holdsthe academic rank of professor of radiology, and he has been a staff consultant in Diagnostic Radiology since 1977. Dr. Forbes has served in editorial and reviewer positions for various medical journals, such as the American Journal of Neuroradiology, Journal of Computed Tomography, Journal of Neurology and Mayo Clinic Proceedings. He has given national and international presentations and has authored or co-authored numerous articles, book chapters, editorials, electronic media, abstracts and letters. At Mayo Clinic, he actively participates in educational activities and is a receipient of the Teacher of the Year Award. Dr. Forbes is widely recognized for his clinical and research contribtuions in radiology and for his leadership at Mayo Clinic.

Robert H. Frank, Ph.D.

Robert H. Frank is the H. J. Louis Professor of Economics at Cornell’s Johnson Graduate School of Management. He received his B.S. in mathematics from Georgia Tech in 1966, then taught math and science for two years as a Peace Corps Volunteer in rural Nepal. He received his M.A. in statistics from the University of California at Berkeley in 1971 and his Ph.D. in economics in 1972, also from U.C. Berkeley. During leaves of absence from Cornell, he was chief economist for the Civil Aeronautics Board from 1978 to 1980, a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences in 1992-93, and the Professor of American Civilization at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris in 2000-2001. Professor Frank’s books, which include Choosing the Right Pond, Passions Within Reason, Microconomics and Behavior, and Principles of Economics (with Ben Bernanke), have been translated into nine languages. The Winner-Take-All Society, co-authored with Philip Cook, received a Critic’s Choice Award, was named a Notable Book of the Year by The New York Times, and was included in Business Week’s list of the ten best books of 1995.

Jayne GackenbachJayne Gackenbach, Ph.D.

Jayne Gackenbach received her Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from Virginia Commonwealth University in 1978. She spent over a decade as an Assistant and Associate Professor, primarily at the Department of Psychology, University of Northern Iowa. Dr. Gackenbach currently works independently in Edmonton, Alberta and is the managing director of the Lucidity Association. Dr. Gackenbach has edited several books including Conscious Mind, Sleeping Brain: Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming (Plenum Press), and is the author of the popular Control your Dreams (Harper-Collins). She is the author of several dozen articles in professional journals such as Journal of Social Psychology, Lucidity Letter, Journal of Mental Imagery, and Sleep Research.

Fred H. GageFred H. Gage, Ph.D.

Fred H. Gage is Adler Professor in the Laboratory of Genetics at Salk Institute. He joined The Salk Institute in 1995. Prior to that he held positions as the University of California, San Diego, and the University of Lund, Sweden. He received his Ph.D. in 1976 from The Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Gage’s work concentrates on the adult central nervous system and unexpected structural plasticity that the brain retains throughout the life of all mammals. Surprisingly, this structural plasticity is regulated by experience; thus his studies also focus on the cellular, molecular, and environmental influences that regulate structural changes in the adult and aged brain. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Gage also served as president of the Society for Neuroscience in 2002. Dr. Gage has been the recipient of numerous prestigious awards, including the 1993 Charles A. Dana Award for Pioneering Achievements in Health and Education, the Christopher Reeve Research Medal in 1997, the 1999 Max Planck Research Prize, and the MetLife Award in 2002.

Shaun Gallagher

Shaun Gallagher is Professor of Philosophy and Cognitive Sciences, and Senior Researcher at the Institute of Simulation and Training at the University of Central Florida (USA); he also holds a position as Research Professor of Philosophy and Cognitive Science at the University of Hertfordshire (UK). He has been Visiting Professor at the Ecole Normale Supériure, Lyon, and the University of Copenhagen, and Visiting Scientist at the Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge. His research is focused on embodied cognition and intersubjectivity. His recent books include How the Body Shapes the Mind (OUP 2005), Brainstorming (Imprint Academic 2008), and with Dan Zahavi, The Phenomenological Mind (Routledge 2007). He is also the author of The Inordinance of Time (Northwestern 1998) and Hermeneutics and Education (SUNY 1992). He is co-editor of the journal Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, and recently co-edited Does Consciousness Cause Behavior? An Investigation of the Nature of Volition (MIT 2006).

B.N. Gangadhar, M.D.

Dr. B.N.Gangadhar is Professor of Psychiatry at the National Institute of Mental Health and NeuroSciences (NIMHANS). He has served in NIMHANS since 1981, after completing his M.D. He has interests in Somatic therapies, Yoga, schizophrenia and community mental health. He heads the Advanced Center for Yoga at NIMHANS. He has published over 200 scientific articles in National and International, peer-reviewed journals. He is a coeditor on the Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica as well as the Asian Journal of Psychiatry. He is also a Fellow of National Academy of Medical Sciences India. He has received the CV Raman award as well as the BC Roy award from the government of Karnataka.

William George, M.B.A.

Bill George is a Professor of Management Practice at Harvard Business School, where he is teaching leadership and leadership development, and is the Henry B. Arthur Fellow of Ethics. He is the author of the best-selling books True North, Discover Your Authentic Leadership and Authentic Leadership: Rediscovering the Secrets of Creating Lasting Value. Bill currently serves on the boards of ExxonMobil and Goldman Sachs. He is the former Chairman and CEO of Medtronic. Under his leadership, Medtronic’s market capitalization grew from $1.1 billion to $60 billion, averaging a 35% increase each year. Mr. George has made frequent appearances on television and radio, and his articles have appeared in numerous publications. He has been named one of “Top 25 Business Leaders of the Past 25 Years” by PBS.

Rupert Gethin, Ph. D.

Rupert Gethin is Director of The Centre for Buddhist Studies, University of Bristol, UK. He was born in Edinburgh in 1957 and was educated at Bournemouth School and the University of Manchester, where he completed a BA in the Department of Comparative Religion in 1980. After a brief period in Sri Lanka with the Buddhist Publication Society he returned to Manchester to complete an MA in Buddhist Studies (1982) and undertake research on the theory of meditation in the Pali Nikayas and Abhidhamma. He completed his PhD in 1987, and the same year was appointed Lecturer in Indian Religions at the University of Bristol. In 2005 he was appointed Reader In Buddhist Studies. Since 2003 he has been President of the Pali Text Society. His main research interest is the history and development of Buddhist thought in the Nikayas and Abhidhamma. He is currently working on a study of the schemes of the Buddhist path as presented in the Pali Nikayas.

Daniel Gilbert, Ph.D.

Daniel Gilbert is professor of psychology at Harvard University. He has won the American Psychological Association’s Distinguished Scientific Award for an Early Career Contribution to Psychology, has received fellowships from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation and the American Philosophical Society, and has been a fellow at Stanford University’s Center for Advanced Research in the Behavioral Sciences. His numerous chapters and research articles in psychology are concerned especially with his work on affective forecasting. He is also the author of several works of science fiction and the editor of The Handbook of Social Psycholgy.

Daniel GolemanDaniel Goleman, Ph.D.

Daniel Goleman is a psychologist and science writer best-known for his worldwide best-seller Emotional Intelligence, published in 40 languages. He taught at Harvard University before becoming an editor and journalist, covering the brain and behavioral science for the New York Times. He is a co-founder of the Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Intelligence at the University of Illinois, and co-director of the Consortium for Research on Emotional Intelligence in Organizations at Rutgers University. He received his Ph.D. in psychology from Harvard University. For two years he traveled in India studying Buddhist and other spiritual systems of psychology, the first year as a Harvard Traveling Fellow, the second as a Research Fellow of the Social Science Research Council. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and has received many awards for his writing. He is the author of numerous books, including The Meditative Mind, Destructive Emotions, Social Intelligence, and, most recently, Ecological Intelligence. www.danielgoleman.info

Ursula GoodenoughUrsula Goodenough

Ursula Goodenough is Professor of Biology at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri. She was educated at Radcliffe and Barnard Colleges and at Columbia and Harvard University, where she received a Ph.D. in 1969. She was Assistant and Associate Professor of Biology at Harvard before moving to Washington University. She teaches a cell biology course for undergraduate biology majors and also co-teaches a course, The Epic of Evolution, with a physicist and a geologist, for non-science students. Her research focuses on the cell biology and (molecular) genetics of the sexual phase of the life cycle of the unicellular eukaryotic green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and, more recently, on the evolution of the genes governing mating-related traits. She wrote 3 editions of a widely adopted textbook, Genetics, and has served in numerous capacities in national biomedical arenas. She joined the Institute on Religion in an Age of Science in 1989 and has served the organization since then in various executive capacities. She has presented and published papers and seminars on science and religion in numerous arenas and wrote a book, The Sacred Depths of Nature (Oxford University Press, 1998) that offers religious/spiritual perspectives of Nature, particularly biology at a molecular level.

Mark GreenbergMark Greenberg, Ph.D.

Mark Greenberg holds the Bennett Chair of Prevention Research in the department of Human Development and Family Studies at Pennsylvania State University, where he also is Director of the Prevention Research Center for the Promotion of Human Development. He received his B.A. from Johns Hopkins University and his M.A. and Ph.D. in Developmental and Pediatric Psychology from the University of Virginia. His research focus has included neuroplasticity in emotional development of children, the study of parent-child attachment, and educational strategies that can lower risks of behavioral problems and promote social and emotional competence. Professor Greenberg has been a consultant to the U.S. Center for Disease Control Taskforce on Violence Prevention, and is Co-Chair of the research committee of CASEL (The Collaborative to Advance Social and Emotional Learning). He has published more than 100 scholarly articles on child development, including a chapter on the neurological basis of emotional development in Emotional Development and Emotional Literacy (Basic Books).

Newcomb GreenleafNewcomb Greenleaf, Ph.D.

Newcomb Greenleaf is currently Professor of Computer Science at Columbia University in New York City, where his principal responsibility is for undergraduate education. Recently he was a member of a delegation of computer science educators which visited China. He became involved with computers in industry where he served as software manager for a computer graphics company. His training was in mathematics (Ph.D. Princeton, 1961) and his current writing concerns the relationships between computing and mathematics and the influence of computers on our epistemology. He became a student of Trungpa Rinpoche in 1974 and has worked as an administrator and teacher at Vajradhatu and Naropa Institute. At Naropa he helped to organize and direct several summer institutes in cognitive science. He is married and has three children.

George GreensteinGeorge Greenstein, Ph.D.

George Greenstein is the Sidney Dillon Professor of Astronomy at Amherst College. He received his B.S. from Stanford and his Ph. D. from Yale, both in physics. Initially his interests centered on research in theoretical astrophysics, but later they shifted to writing. He is the author of numerous works interpreting science for nonscientists. His first book, Frozen Star, was the recipient of two science-writing awards. In conjunction with Arthur Zajonc he is the author of a recent textbook titled The Quantum Challenge: Modern Research on the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics, which discusses the problems of interpretation posed by quantum mechanics.

Roshi Joan HalifaxRoshi Joan Halifax, Ph.D.

Roshi Joan Halifax, Ph.D., is a Buddhist teacher, Zen priest, anthropologist, and pioneer in the field of end-of-life care. She is Founder, Abbot, and Head Teacher of Upaya Institute and Zen Center in Santa Fe, New Mexico. She received her Ph.D. in medical anthropology in 1973 while teaching at the University of Miami Medical School. She has lectured on the subject of death and dying at many academic institutions, including Harvard Divinity School, Harvard Medical School, Georgetown Medical School, and University of Virginia Medical School, Duke University Medical School, University of Connecticut Medical School, among many others. She received a National Science Foundation Fellowship in Visual Anthropology, was an Honorary Research Fellow in Medical Ethnobotany at Harvard University, and is a Distinguished Visiting Scholar at the Library of Congress. From 1972-1975, she worked with psychiatrist Stanislav Grof at the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center with dying cancer patients. She has continued to work with dying people and their families, and to teach health care professionals and family caregivers the psycho-social, ethical and spiritual aspects of care of the dying. She is Director of the Project on Being with Dying, and Founder and Director of the Upaya Prison Project that develops programs on meditation for prisoners. For the past 25 years, she has been active in environmental work. She studied for a decade with Zen Teacher Seung Sahn and was a teacher in the Kwan Um Zen School. She received the Lamp Transmission from Thich Nhat Hanh, and was given Inka by Roshi Bernie Glassman. A Founding Teacher of the Zen Peacemaker Order, her work and practice for more than four decades has focused on applied Buddhism. Her books include: The Human Encounter with Death (with Stanislav Grof)The Fruitful DarknessSimplicity in the Complex: A Buddhist Life in AmericaBeing with Dying: Cultivating Compassion and Wisdom in the Presence of Death;Being with Dying: Compassionate End-of-Life Care (Professional Training Guide) and Being with Dying: Cultivating Compassion and Fearlessness in the Presence of Death. She is a Lindisfarne Fellow and Co-director of the Fellowship and a Mind and Life Board member.

Diego Hangartner, Pharm.D.

Diego Hangartner, Pharm, D., Head of Europe, Mind and Life Institute, completed his studies in pharmacology at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, specializing in psychotherapeutic and psychoactive substances. Having worked with drug addiction, he became interested in understanding the workings of mind and consciousness. After encountering Buddhism, he then spent 11 years in Dharamsala, India, where he first learned Tibetan and then studied for 7 years at the Institute of Buddhist Dialectics. During those years, he did several retreats and worked as a translator and interpreter, translating Tibetan into English, German, French and Spanish. After returning to Europe in 2003, he taught widely, was General Secretary and project manager of His Holiness the Dalai Lama’s visits in Switzerland 2005 and in Hamburg 2007. He has been associated with Mind and Life since the late 1990′s. Presently, he is the General Secretary of Mind and Life International, based in Zurich, Switzerland, and is Mind and Life Director of Europe.

William Harbaugh, Ph.D.

Bill Harbaugh is a professor of economics at the University of Oregon who studies why people make charitable donations. His work uses methods ranging from economic theory to experiments to fMRI neuroimaging. The neuroimaging research (joint with Dan Burghart and the psychologist Ulrich Mayr) shows that people exhibit a “pure altruism” response in reward-related areas of the brain when they see money going to a charity that provides food to the poor, and that those people with larger neural responses are more likely to make charitable donations. He also shows that there is also a warm glow from giving – people show more activation in reward areas when they choose to give the money voluntarily. In other work he has modeled the “prestige motive” for charitable giving and shown its effects empirically – when gifts are reported in categories, people tend to give the least amount possible for a given level of recognition. Harbaugh was also among the first economists to use experiments to test how well economic models of rational, self-interested choice apply to the behavior of children. He says, with some purposeful ambiguity, that “economic models work about as well for kids as they do for adults”. His most recent project, with Mayr and Jim Andreoni, looks at the receiving side of giving, and is motivated by the saying “Charity is a mixed blessing.” This work – still in progress – uses fMRI to examine the effects of charity on the brains of the people who receive it, with the goal of helping altruists reduce the “mixed” part of the blessing.

Anne HarringtonAnne Harrington, Ph.D.

Anne Harrington, Ph.D., Chair, is Harvard College Professor and Professor for the History of Science, specializing in the history of psychiatry, neuroscience, and the other mind and behavioral sciences. Professor Harrington received her Ph.D. in the History of Science from Oxford University, and has held postdoctoral fellowships at the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine in London, and the University of Freiburg in Germany. For six years, she co-directed Harvard’s Mind, Brain, and Behavior Initiative. She also was a consultant for the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Mind-Body Interactions. Currently she serves on the Board of the Mind and Life Institute, an organization dedicated to cross-cultural dialogue between Buddhism and the science. She is also co-editor of Biosocieties, a journal concerned with social science approaches to the life sciences. Professor Harrington is the author of three books: Medicine, Mind and the Double Brain (1987), Reenchanted Science (1997) and The Cure Within; A History of Mind-Body Medicine (2007) She has also published many articles and produced a range of edited collections including The Placebo Effect (1997), Visions of Compassion (2000), and The Dalai Lama at MIT (2006). She is currently working on a new book, tentatively titled, When Minds Fall Ill. Other research interests include the history of the neurological case history, and especially changing interests in the “inner world” of brain disorder; and the origins and larger significance of current visions of partnership between Buddhism and the brain sciences – so-called “contemplative neuroscience.” Professor Harrington’s courses at Harvard include Historical Studies A-87, “Madness and Medicine,” HS 177, “Stories under the Skin,” HS 176, “Evolution and Human Nature,” HS 171, “Narrative and Neurology,” HS 273, “Freud and the American Academy,” HS 275, “The Minded Body,” and HS 278, “In Search of Mind” (graduate). She also teaches and oversees the required research methods course for History and Science undergraduates (HS 98, “methods boot camp”), and oversees the department’s undergraduate track in Mind, Brain, and Behavior. Finally, she and her husband, John Durant (at MIT) co-teach a Harvard Summer School study abroad program in London, on the history of Victorian science, medicine, and engineering.

Jeremy Hayward, Ph.D.

Dr. Hayward received his doctoral degree in Nuclear Physics from Cambridge University and has been a Research Associate in Biological Studies at Tufts University Medical School, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Cambridge University. Dr. Hayward is Director and Vice-President of the Nalanda Foundation, a cultural and educational organization based in Boulder, Colorado. The Foundation operates the Naropa Institute, and upper-division degree-granting College. Dr. Hayward also serves as the Director of Education for the Vajradhatu International Association of Buddhist Meditation Centers and has been Co-Director and staff member of the Karma-Choling Contemplative Center in Barnet, Vermont. He is the editor of the New Science Library for Shambhala Publications and is the author of Perceiving Ordinary Magic: Science and Intuitive Wisdom and Shifting Worlds, Changing Minds: Where the Sciences and Buddhism Meet.

Takao Hensch, Ph.D.

Takao K. Hensch is joint Professor of Neurology (Children’s Hospital Boston) at Harvard Medical School and Professor of Molecular and Cellular Biology (Center for Brain Science) at Harvard University. After his undergraduate studies on sleep mechanisms with Dr. J Allan Hobson at Harvard, he was a student of Dr. Masao Ito at the Univ Tokyo (MPH) and Fulbright Fellow with Dr. Wolf Singer at the Max-Planck Institute for Brain Research, prior to receiving a PhD in Neuroscience working with Dr. Michael Stryker from the University of California San Francisco in 1996. He then helped to launch the RIKEN Brain Science Institute (Japan) as Lab Head for Neuronal Circuit Development and served as Group Director since 2000. Hensch’s research focuses on critical periods in brain development. By applying cellular and molecular biology techniques to neural systems, he identified inhibitory circuits that orchestrate the structural and functional rewiring of connections in response to early sensory experience. His work impacts not only basic understanding of brain development, but also the potential treatment for devastating cognitive disorders in adulthood. Hensch has received several honors, including the Tsukahara Prize (Japan Brain Science Foundation); Japanese Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) Prize; NIH Director’s Pioneer Award and the first US Society for NeuroscienceYoung Investigator Award to a foreign scientist. He serves on the editorial board of among others The Journal of Neuroscience (reviewing editor), Brain Structure & Function, NeuroSignals, Neural Development, HFSP Journal and Neuron.

Allan HobsonJ. Allan Hobson, M.D.

Dr. Allan Hobson is interested in the relationship of mind and brain with special reference to conscious states, including dreaming. He studies human sleep and dreaming and performs experiments on animals in the Laboratory of Neurophysiobiology at the Harvard Medical School where he is a Professor of Psychiatry. He is the author of The Dreaming Brain (1988) and Sleep (1989). He recently won the prestigious Von Humboldt Award of the Max Planck Society. He is a lucid dreamer.

Antoinette Hunziker-Ebneter, M.B.A.

Antoinette Hunziker-Ebneter is CEO and Founding Partner of Forma Futura Invest Inc., an independent asset management company for private and institutional clients focusing on sustainable quality of life. Forma Futura invests in attractive investment opportunities incorporating good governance and social and environmental responsibility while reflecting the client’s values. Prior to her present engagement, Antoinette Hunziker-Ebneter was responsible for Trading and Sales and Member of the Group Executive Board of the Bank Julius Baer & Co. She was previously Head of the Swiss Stock Exchange and Chief Executive Officer of virt-x, the first pan-European stock exchange with headquarters in London. In the mid-1990s she was responsible for building up and commissioning the Swiss Electronic Exchange (EBS). She began her professional career as a currency options trader at Citibank. She went on to develop SOFFEX trading at Bank Leu, where she was later appointed Head of Securities Trading and Sales. Antoinette Hunziker-Ebneter is Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors of BKW FMB Energy Ltd. and a member of the Board of Directors of the Buildings Insurance of Bern. She holds a Master of Arts in Business and Administration from the University of St. Gallen and a Diploma from the Swiss Banking School.

Piet HutPiet Hut, Ph.D.

Piet Hut is Professor of Astrophysics at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, where he has been since 1985. He is currently involved in a Tokyo-based project aimed at developing a special purpose computer for simulations in stellar dynamics, with a speed of 1 Petaflops. Besides his work in theoretical astrophysics, much of his research has a broadly interdisciplinary character: he has co-authored papers with computer scientists, particle physicists, geologists, paleontologists, psychologists, and philosophers. During the last few years, he has organized a series of workshops to investigate the character of intrinsic limits to scientific knowledge. There are three main questions he has focused on. To what extent can limits be seen as dictated by the structure of human knowledge? To what extent are limits given in the structure of nature itself? And to what extent are limits inherent in any attempt at mapping reality into a model?

Amishi P. JhaAmishi P. Jha, Ph.D.

Amishi P. Jha, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor of Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania. She received her Ph.D. from University of California-Davis in 1998, and received her post-doctoral training in the Brain Imaging and Analysis Center at Duke University (Durham, USA) in functional neuroimaging. Her research centers on the cognitive neuroscience of attention and working memory. Using functional MRI, electroencephalography (EEG), and behavioral measures she has demonstrated that there are two complementary processes that aid “tuning” attention systems to better maintain information over time. There is an active effortful enhancement of neural representations of items that should be maintained in working memory (the memory items), as well as a selective suppression of items that may be very distracting and lead to memory errors. Recently she has begun to explore how these tuning features may be damaged in disorders of attention, such as ADHD. In addition, she is conducting an NIH-R21 funded project to investigate if attention training may lead to improvements in attentional tuning. Specifically, she will examine the role of mindfulness meditation training in altering functioning of alerting, orienting, and conflict monitoring subsystems of attention.

Thupten JinpaThupten Jinpa, Ph.D.

Thupten Jinpa, Ph.D., was trained as a monk at the Shartse College of Ganden Monastic University, South India, where he received the Geshe Lharam degree. In addition, Jinpa holds a B.A. honors in philosophy and a Ph.D. in religious studies, both from Cambridge University. He taught at Ganden monastery and worked as a research fellow in Eastern religions at Girton College, Cambridge University. Jinpa has been the principal English translator to H.H. the Dalai Lama since 1985 and has translated and edited numerous books by the Dalai Lama, including the New York Times Bestsellers Ethics for the New Millennium and The Art of Happiness, as well as Beyond Religion, Universe in a Single Atom, and Transforming the Mind. His own publications include, in addition to numerous works in Tibetan, Essential Mind Training, Wisdom of the Kadam Masters, Self, Reality and Reason in Tibetan Philosophy: Tsongkhapa’s Quest for the Middle View, as well as translations of major Tibetan works featured in The Library of Tibetan Classics series. He is the main author of CCT (Compassion Cultivation Training), an eight-week formal program developed at the Center for Compassion and Altruism Research and Education (CCARE), Stanford University. Jinpa is an adjunct professor at the Faculty of Religious Studies at McGill University, Montreal; the founder and president of the Institute of Tibetan Classics, Montreal and the general series editor of its The Library of Tibetan Classics series. He has been a core member of the Mind and Life Institute from its inception, and since January 2012, the Chairman of its board. Jinpa lives in Montreal and is married with two daughters.



Lewis L. Judd, M.D.

Lewis L. Judd, M.D., has been the Director of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) since January 1988. He received his Bachelor’s degree in Psychology from the University of Utah and his medical degree with honors from UCLA. Prior to joining the NIMH, Dr. Judd served 11 years as Professor and Chairman of the Department of Psychiatry at the UCSD School of Medicine, and as Chief of the Psychiatry Services at the UCSD Medical Center. Previously, he was a member of the faculty and Director of Education in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at UCLA. Dr. Judd serves on the Scientific Council of the National Alliance for Research in Schizophrenia and Depression and is a member of numerous professional and scientific societies. He is a Fellow of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology and of the American Psychiatric Association, and he was recently elected to the Institute of Medicine (National Academy of Sciences). Dr. Judd has been a prolific contributor to the world’s scientific literature, and has served on editorial boards of scientific journals, including the American Journal of Psychiatry, Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, Psychiatry, and Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. He also edited the recently published book The Basic Science Foundations of Clinical Psychiatry.


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